MC# 23-02 - A First-in-Human, Open-Label, Multi-Center Phase I Study of TST003 in Subjects with Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors

  • Agent(s): TST003
  • Disease Type(s): Solid Tumor
  • Phase(s): I
  • Drug Classification(s): Monoclonal Antibody, Targeted Therapy
  • Molecular Target(s): GREM1

Mechanism of Action

anti-GREM1 monoclonal antibody


In this study, the sponsor and investigators want to learn:

  • How much of TST003 can be given with an acceptable level of side effects
  • The effects of TST003 (good and bad)
  • How much of TST003 is absorbed into the blood and how fast it is removed
Inclusion Criteria
  1. At least 18 years of age at the time of informed consent.
  2. Voluntary agreement to provide written informed consent and the willingness and ability to comply with all aspects of the protocol.
  3. Subjects with histologically or cytologically diagnosed unresectable locally advanced or metastatic malignant solid tumors and who can provide archival tumor tissue that is formalin fixed and paraffin embedded (FFPE) for submission to central laboratory for retrospective assessment for GREM1 expression using the GREM1 immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay.  Note: FFPE block or at least 5 unstained slides of tumor tissue are required for GREM1 IHC assay; for phase 1b part, subjects with histological or cytological diagnosed unresectable locally advanced or metastatic EC, GC, CRC, CRPC, BC, NSCLC are recommended.
  4. Subjects who have tumor progression during or after prior therapy and for whom no standard therapy exists that would confer clinical benefit.
  5. At least 1 measurable lesion per RECIST v1.1 (Phase Ib Part only).
  6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0 or 1.
  7. Life expectancy of 12 weeks or more.
  8. Calculated creatinine clearance ≥30 mL/min per the Cockcroft and Gault formula.
  9. Adequate bone marrow function:
    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500/mm3 (≥ 1.5 ×103/L);
    2. Platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3 (≥ 100 × 109/L);
    3. Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL;
  10. Adequate blood coagulation function as evidenced by an International Normalized Ratio (INR) ≤ 1.5 and Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 ULN (unless subjects are receiving therapeutic anti-coagulation which affects these parameters, and patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation should be on a stable dose).
  11. Adequate liver function as evidenced by bilirubin ≤1.5 × ULN and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≤3×ULN.
  12. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) and men who are sexually active with WOCBP must agree to follow instructions for method(s) of contraception during the treatment period and for at least 90 days after the last dose of TST003. Contraception methods should be consistent with local regulations.
Exclusion Criteria
  1. Untreated or symptomatic central nervous system (CNS) metastases.  Note: Subjects with asymptomatic treated CNS metastases are eligible provided they have been clinically stable and not requiring steroid for at least 4 weeks following CNS -directed therapy are eligible for study entry.
  2. Prior systemic anti-cancer treatment (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, or targeted therapy or herbal medicine) within 4 weeks or 5 half-lives (whichever is shorter) prior to the first dose of study drug.
  3. Radical radiation or local-regional therapies (transarterial chemoembolization or radiofrequency ablation) within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug; palliative radiotherapy to a non-target lesion within 2 weeks prior to of study drug.
  4. Any unresolved Grade 2 or greater toxicity from previous anticancer therapy except alopecia.
  5. Any herbal medicine without anti-tumor intent within one weeks before the first dose of study drug.
  6. History of interstitial lung disease, noninfectious pneumonitis, or uncontrolled lung diseases, including but not limited to pulmonary fibrosis, active pneumonitis.
  7. Severe cardiovascular disease, including cerebrovascular accident, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, or unstable angina, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure or uncontrolled arrhythmia within 6 months of the first dose.
  8. Has the average corrected QT interval by Fridericia's formula (QTcF) prolongation to > 480 millisecond (ms) based on 12-lead ECG in triplicate, or with a history of additional risk factors for torsade de pointes (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age in first degree relatives).
  9. Uncontrolled hypertension (systolic pressure >150mmHg or diastolic pressure > 90mmHg).
  10. Severe intestinal disease, including but not limited to:
    1. Peptic ulcer disease in the past 3 months prior to the first dosing.
    2. Clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding as evidenced by hematemesis, hematochezia, or melena in the past 3 months prior to the first dosing without evidence of resolution documented by endoscopy or colonoscopy.
    3. Active colitis requiring ongoing treatment within 4 weeks prior to the first dosing, including infectious colitis, radiation colitis and ischemic colitis.
    4. History of ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease.
  11. Active or uncontrolled infections requiring IV of antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungals.
  12. Active viral (any etiology) hepatitis except with the viral load below the limit quantification (hepatitis B virus (HBV) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) < 1000 copies/mL or 200 IU/mL; hepatitis C virus (HCV) ribonucleic acid (RNA) below the limit of quantification).
  13. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
  14. Females who are pregnant or nursing.
  15. Has known hypersensitivity to either the drug substances or inactive ingredients in the drug product.
  16. Prior severe hypersensitivity to other antibodies, which in the opinion of the Investigator suggests an increased potential for hypersensitivity to study drug.
  17. Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigation device within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study drug.
  18. Has a history or current evidence of any severe condition, concurrent therapy (e.g., psychiatric, substance abuse), or laboratory abnormality that might confound the interpretation of the study results, interfere with the subject’s participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the investigator.

Additional Exclusion Criteria for Phase 1b Part only

  1. Prior treatment with an GREM1 targeted therapy.
  2. Concurrent active other malignancy within 3 years prior to the first dosing of study drug except adequately treated cervical carcinoma in situ, localized squamous cell cancer of the skin, localized basal cell carcinoma, ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast and localized prostate cancer.


  • Dallas, TX - Mary Crowley Cancer Research - Medical City
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Re: MC# 23-02